VALLETTA IS THE CAPITAL OF MALTA . AFTER THEIR INDEPENCE FROM THE BRITISH ON DECEMBER 13 , 1974 . TODAY THIS BEAUTIFUL  CITY OF VALLETTA IS THE COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CENTER OF THE ISLAND . THE KNIGHTS OF ST JOHN BUILD THE VALLETTA TO TAKE CARE THE INJURED SOLDIERS AND PILGRIMS DURING THE 16th CENTURIES CRUSADES AND WAIT FOR THE KNIGHTS OF MOUNT SCEBERRAS FOR REINFORCEMENT .THE GRANDMASTER DE VALLETTE , THE GALANT HERO OF GREAT SIEGE OF 1565  REALIZED IF THOSE KNIGHTS  MAINTAIN THE HOLD OF THE CITY . THEY NEED TO MAKE A STRONG DEFENCE FOR THE CITY .POPE PIUS V AND PHILIP II OF SPAIN SHOWED INTEREST OF THE PROJECT AND THEY BOTH PROMISED FINANCIAL AID . AND THE POPE ASSIGNED FRANCESCO LAPARELLI WHO IS A MILITARY ENGINEER AND DREW THE THE PLAN FOR THE NEW CITY AND ITS DEFENCES . TODAY ALL THE REST OF THE BUILDING IN VALLETTA WAS DESIGNED AND SUPERVISED BY GERALAMO CASSAR WHO STUDY IN ROME .AND TODAY VALLETTA IS A MAJOR ATTRACTION HERE IN MALTA AND RSIGNATED BY UNESCO AS WORLD HERTAGE SITE .

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